Minimally Invasive Laparoscopic Surgery
Laparoscopy is considered to be a minimally invasive surgical procedure because a large abdominal incision is avoided. Rather three or four small incisions, each about the size of a finger, are made in the lower abdomen. A laparoscope is gently inserted into the abdomen allowing visualization of the abdominal cavity, while other instruments are inserted to facilitate the surgical procedure. Most gynecological surgeries can now be done laparoscopically, including hysterectomy, myomectomy, removal of ovarian cysts, and many others.
The advantages of laparoscopy include less post operative pain, a shorter hospital stay, and a faster overall rate of recovery when compared with traditional abdominal surgery . The avoidance of a large abdominal incision also decreases the incidence of other post-operative complications related to the heart and lungs. Because of the smaller incisions laparoscopy is also more cosmetically pleasing to the patient.